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Literatur zur Politischen Ökonomie
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Referenz:
Aspromourgos (2003): On the origins of classical economics
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Titel:
On the origins of classical economics
Untertitel:
Distribution and value from William Petty to Adam Smith
Reihe:
erstmals:
1996
Ort: Verl.:
Jahr:
2003
Deskribierung:
Inhalt:
1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 What is classical economics? 1
1.2 The formation of the surplus approach 5

2 THE LIFE OF PETTY IN RELATION TO HIS ECONOMICS 9
2.1 Early life 9
2.2 Ireland and the Down Survey 11
2.3 Activities, 1659–87 13
2.4 Temperament, activities and intellectual work 14
2.5 Why economics? 16

3 ECONOMIC SURPLUS AND THE SOCIAL DIVISION OF LABOUR: THE ECONOMICS OF PETTY 20
3.1 Fundamental ideas: three models of production 22
3.2 Economic and social reform 30
3.3 Foreign trade and money 34
3.4 Material progress 36
3.5 Political arithmetic 41
3.6 Value and distribution 49
3.7 The founding of the classical surplus approach 52

4 METHODOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL BASES OF PETTY′S ECONOMICS 54
4.1 Intellectual background 54
4.2 Petty′s methodological intentions: mathematical method and ′sensible′ concepts 57
4.3 Political intention: the purpose of politico-economic analysis 60
4.4 The debt to Hobbes 64
4.5 The utility of science 70

5 THE THEORY OF PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION IN CANTILLON′S ESSAI 73
5.1 Production and allocation of surplus 74
5.2 Distribution, intrinsic value and market price 80
5.3 Money and interest 85
5.4 Conclusion 87

6 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF VALUE PARITY IN PETTY AND CANTILLON 89
6.1 Petty′s ′Natural Par between Land and Labour′ 89
6.2 Cantillon′s ′Equation de la Terre & du travail′ 95
6.3 The relation between value parity in Petty and Cantillon 99
6.4 The significance of value parity 101

7 PETTY-CANTILLON-QUESNAY: THE FORMATION OF THE SURPLUS APPROACH 103
7.1 Concepts of surplus 104
7.2 Monetary circulation 114
7.3 Capital and profits 116
7.4 The formation of the surplus approach 123

8 WAGES, PRICES AND ECONOMIC SURPLUS IN STEUART′S PRINCIPLES 126
8.1 Competition and prices 127
8.2 Wages and subsistence 130
8.3 Real values, profits and equilibrium prices 135
8.4 Incomes and surplus outputs 142
8.5 A summing up 144

9 DEVELOPMENTS IN THE THEORY OF DISTRIBUTION AND VALUE, 1662–1767 147
9.1 The Petty-Cantillon heritage 149
9.2 Three concepts of profit 153
9.3 Value and competition 157
9.4 The fate of political arithmetic 162

10 ADAM SMITH AND AFTER 165
10.1 Mature classical economics 165
10.2 Classical versus marginalist theory 167
10.3 A generalization of the classical surplus approach 171
10.4 Developments from Sraffa and Keynes 176

APPENDIX A: Petty′s writings 179
APPENDIX B: Contents of the ′Supplement′ to Cantillon′s Essai 187


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