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Literatur zur Politischen Ökonomie
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Referenz:
Mirowski (1995): More heat than light
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Verf./Hrsg./KS:
Titel:
More heat than light
Untertitel:
Economics as social physics: Physics as nature's economics
erstmals:
1989
Ort: Verl.:
Jahr:
1995
Anmerkung:
Eine interessante, im ganzen aber abwegige Arbeit. An keiner Stelle werden die Besonderheiten der Gesellschaftswissenschaften gegenüber einer keineswegs einheitlichen Physdik als Ausgangspunkt genommen. Weil aber beide unvergleichlich sind, andererseits das naturwissenschaftliche "Paradigma" herrschend ist, können die Beziehungen zwischen beiden nur metaphorisch bleiben. Das schließt aber nicht aus, dass sich beide Bereiche gegenseitig anregen. Dass bisweilen die gesellschaftswissenschaftliche Ökonomie als eine Art Naturwissenschaft verkauft wird, wird herausgearbeitet. Aber was es in politischer und ideologischer Hinsicht bedeutet, bleibt unklar.
Deskribierung:
Inhalt:
1 The fearful spheres of Pascal and Parmenides 1

2 Everything an economist needs to know about physics but was probably afraid to ask: The history of the energy concept 11
Energy before "energy" 12 Live force and dead force 16 The motive force of fire 23 The Laplacian Dream 26 Some mathematics of conservation principles 30 The "discovery" of the conservation of energy 35 What was discovered'? 50 The energetics movement 53 Entropy: More heat than light 59 The awakening from the Laplacian Dream 66 The theory of relativity 77 Quantum mechanics 82 Who's afraid of the nonconservation of energy? 90

3 Body, motion, and value 99
The discovery of energy conservation rechauffe 101 Measurement, mammon, momentum, and man 108 Darwinian evolution as metaphor 117 Lineamentrics from Stevin to Whewell 119 Energy as metaphoric synthesis 127 Physics off the gold standard 132

4 Science and substance theories of value in political economy to 1870 139
The metaphor of value 140 Aristotle discovers the economy 144 Two kinds of mercantilism 147 Physiocracy: More wheat than Zeit 154 Smith and Say: Cartesian crossroads 163 Ricardian vices 171 Karl Marx and the swan song of substance theories of value 174 The watershed 185 Entr'acte 191

5 Neoclassical economic theory: An irresistable field of force meets an immovable object 193
Classical political economy: Paradoxes of motion 197 Precursors without energy: Canard, Bentham, Cournot 202 Hermann Gossen and the transition to neoclassical economics 210 The marginalist revolution of the 1870s 217 The canonical neoclassical model 222 Some consequences of a field theory of value 231 The sciences were never at war? 241 Walras, Jevons, Menger 254 Marshall: More discreet than right 262 Neoclassical economics as a species of energetics 265 The syndetic stage? 270 The imperatives of proto-energetics 271

6 The corruption of the field metaphor, and the retrogression to substance theories of value: Neoclassical production theory 276
A dyybuk named production 280 Putting square pegs in round holes: Flirting with the conservation of matter 286 Getting more and more out of less and less: The neoclassical production metaphors 293 The spurious symmetry of neoclassical theories of production and consumption 310 The myth of the engineering production function 327 Abandoning the field 332 Every man his own capital theorist 334 Has there been any progress in the theory of value in the 20th century? 350

7 The ironies of physics envy \ 354
Is economics a science? 356 Rediscovering the field: Integrability and revealed preference 358 The integrability problem and the misunderstood conservation principles 369 The age of technique 372 Paul Samuelson, scientist 378 Why did neoclassical economics cease to seriously emulate modern physical theory? 386 Reprise: The underworld of social physics 394

8 Universal history is the story of different intonations given to a handful of metaphors 396

Contents ix
Appendix The mathematics of the Lagrangian and Hamiitonian formalisms 402


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