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Literatur zur Politischen Ökonomie
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Morishima (1969): Theory of Economic Growth
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Titel:
Theory of Economic Growth
erstmals:
1969
Ort: Verl.:
Jahr:
2002
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Digital Reprint
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Inhalt:
PART I
THE PROTOTYPE

I. WALRAS-TYPE MODEL OF MATCH-BOX SIZE
1. Introduction—towards a multi-sectoral growth analysis. 2. A 'match-box' model of general equilibrium. 3. Existence of a short-run equilibrium. 4. Its uniqueness. 5. Its Pareto optimality. 6. Investment function implied—a neo-classical growth.
II. POSSIBILITY OF PERSISTENT GROWTH EQUILIBRIUM
1. Price-guided choice of techniques and factor-price frontiers. 2. The degree of mechanization problem: a digression. 3. The warranted rate of growth. 4. The natural rate of growth. 5. An alternative approach due to Hicks. 6. The synthesis.
III. A NEO-CLASSICAL PASSAGE TO GROWTH EQUILIBRIUM
1. Solutions of predecessors. 2. The effect on wages of a solitary increase in the stock of capital: the standard case. 3. When labour is free. 4. At the singular points. 5. A stability criterion in terms of the warranted and the natural rate of growth. 6. The general rule. 7. The speed of convergence to the Silvery Equilibrium.
IV. HARRODIAN KNIFE-EDGE IN A KEYNES-TYPE 'FIXPRICE' ECONOMY
1. Price flexibility and full employment. 2. Possibility of a Keynesian shortrun equilibrium with unemployment. 3. The Harrodian investment function induces centrifugal forces around the Silvery Equilibrium. 4. Necessity of unemployment in a 'fixprice' economy. 5. Can the Iron Rule be avoided?
V. TOWARDS MORE DISAGGREGATED MODELS
1. Many consumption goods. 2. Heterogeneity of consumption goods does not affect the stability criterion. 3. Many capital goods and the possibility of 'stability-instability'. 4. The Generalized Leontief Model. 5. A shift in the saving function from the 'uniclass' to the Cambridge type—the Golden Equilibrium. 6. The dual stability-instability theorem.

PART II
THE VON NEUMANN REVOLUTION

VI. ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF THE 'REVOLUTION'
1. Technological aspects of the von Neumann revolution. 2. His specification and symbolization of production processes. 3. Two interpretations of the original von Neumann model: genuine and bastard. 4. Introduction of consumer's choice. 5. Equilibrium within a period. 6. The working of the system over time: Temporary Equilibrium Approach versus Balanced Growth Approach. 7. 'Pasinetti' or 'anti-Pasinetti* solution. 8. The Generalized Leontief Model revisited.
VII. EQUILIBRIUM GROWTH. (I) CASSEL-VON NEUMANN RAY
1. A game-theoretic approach. The preliminary production-pricing game. 2. The existence and uniqueness of the 'fair' wage rate. Equivalence between the 'game-theoretic' and the 'balanced growth' solution. 3. Groping for the equilibrium game. 4. The equilibrium game gives a silvery growth equilibrium. 5. Characterization of the fair wage rate as the warranted and the greatest technically possible real-wage rate.
VIII. EQUILIBRIUM GROWTH. (II) HICKSMALINVAUD TRAJECTORIES
1. Temporary equilibrium. Its conditions. 2. Some preliminary remarks. 3. Responses of entrepreneurs and the custodian in a pseudo-economy. 4. The proof of existence of a temporary equilibrium. 5. The non-singularity and non-triviality of the equilibrium. 6. Savings equals investment in the 'ex ante' and the 'ex post' sense. 7. Equilibrium of order T. 8. Its existence and non-triviality. 9. Perfect foresight of the future. Eternal equilibrium overtime.
IX. EQUILIBRIUM GROWTH. (Ill) NORMATIVE PROPERTIES
1. Definitions of efficiency and Pareto optimality. 2. Short-run efficiency of temporary equilibrium and long-run efficiency of full equilibrium. 3. Pareto optimality of the Lindahl-Hicks and the Hicks-Malinvaud path. 4. Farkas's theorem of linear inequalities. 5. Shadow prices associated with a Pareto optimum obey the rules of competitive pricing. 6. What conditions should be satisfied in order for a given point of Pareto optimum to be a competitive equilibrium. 7. Golden Rule of Accumulation.

PART III
AFTER THE REVOLUTION

X. MAXIMIZATION OF BEQUESTS: THE FIRST TURNPIKE THEOREM
1. Comparison of the Hicks-Malinvaud equilibrium trajectory with the DOSSO efficient path. 2. The Final State Turnpike Theorem. 3. A proof by the jyoseki. 4. A lemma by Gale. 5. Convergence to the Turnpike. 6. Yosses of the proof. Cyclic exceptions. 7. Tendency towards the Golden Equilibrium of a competitive economy with no planning authorities.
XI. OSCILLATIONS DUE TO CONSUMER'S CHOICE
1. Flexible demand for consumption good may cause cycles. 2. Why is a Hicks-Malinvaud path possible? 3. A numerical example. 4. The DOSSO efficiency in the case of flexible consumption. 5. A DOSSO zigzag.
XII. DYNAMIC UTILITY FUNCTIONS PROPOSED
1. Maximization of satisfaction over time. 2. Should dynamic utility be cardinal? 3. Postulated properties of dynamic preferences, (i) Separability. 4. (ii) Consistence and (iii) stationariness. 5. Invariability of the internal structure of the dynamic utility function with respect to monotonic transformation of the index. 6. An alternative proposal.
XIII. CONSUMPTION EN ROUTE: THE SECOND TURNPIKE THEOREM
1. A renaissance. 2. Two norms of optimum growth: the Golden Balanced Growth path and the Consumption Turnpike. 3. Existence of the Consumption Turnpike. 4. Silvery Rule of Accumulation. 5. The singular case where there is no discrimination between the living and the coming people. 6. The Consumption Turnpike Theorem, (i) The case of the subjective time-preference factor not being greater than the growth factor of the population. 7. (ii) The case of the former being greater than the latter. 8. An example of a cyclic Ramsey-optimum growth.

PART IV
A FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

XIV. FLEXIBLE POPULATION AND AVOIDANCE OF MALTHUSIAN POVERTY
1. A parable by Volterra. 2. Existence of a growth equilibrium in a Neo-Malthusian economy. 3. Application of the Eilenberg-Montgomery fixedpoint theorem. 4. Positivity of total production and the real-wage rate. 5. Positivity of the equilibrium rate of growth.
XV. AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH: REMODELLING AND REFINEMENTS
1. Production of goods and men by means of goods and men. 2. Properties of aggregate production processes. 3. Conditions for the Silvery Equilibrium; modification of the rule of competitive pricing such that Keynsian involuntary unemployment is allowed for. 4. Existence of'quasi-equilibrium' processes and prices. 5. Upper semicontinuity of quasi-equilibrium prices. 6. Equilibration of quasi-equilibrium. 7. Efficiency and optimality in an economy with a flexible labour force. 8. Instantaneous efficiency and Pareto optimality of the Silvery Equilibrium. 9. Possibility of optimum cyclical growth of production of goods and men. 10. Intertemporal efficiency and Pareto optimality of the Golden Equilibrium.
XVI. SIMULTANEOUS OPTIMIZATION OF POPULATION AND CAPITAL
1. The generalized Ramsey-Meade problem. 2. The Golden Equilibrium rate of growth is greater than the Silvery rate. 3. The Average Final State Turnpike Theorem. 4. A sufficient condition for strong convergence: the strong super-additivity of processes. 5. Tendency towards the 'top facet' as the general rule. 6. Cyclic phenomena. 7. The Average Consumption Turnpike Theorem. 8. Its proof. 9. Aversion to fluctuation in consumption.


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