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Literatur zur Politischen Ökonomie
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Referenz:
Cockshott (1993): Towards a New Socialism
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Verf./Hrsg./KS:
Titel:
Towards a New Socialism
Ort: Verl.:
Jahr:
1993
Anmerkung:
Das 1993 publizierte Buch liegt hier in einer digitalen Version vor. Trotz abweichender Seitenzählung entspricht es inhaltlich der Veröffentlichung von 1993.
s. Dokument:
 
 
 
Faksimile:
Kleinbild
Deskribierung:
Inhalt:
Why is social democracy inadequate? 2
In what sense was the USSR socialist? 3
What can be learnt from the failure of Soviet socialism? 5
What is the theoretical basis for a new socialism? 7
Synopsis of the book 8

1 Inequality 11
Sources of inequality 11
Exploitation 12
Unemployment 15
Infirmity and old age . 17
Women′s economic subordination 18
Summary 21

2 Eliminating Inequalities 23
Benefits of income redistribution . 25
How much would one hour′s labour produce? . 26
Equality more effective than growth 28
Inequalities of labour 29
Differential payment for education/skill? 29
Specific labour shortages . 30
Differential payment for ′personal qualities′? . 33
Skilled labour as a ′produced input′ . 34
Comparison with historically existing socialism . 36
Appendix: skilled labour multiplier 39

3 Work, Time and Computers 41
Economies of time . 41
Objective social accounting 45
Defining labour content 45
The problem of scale 47
The idea of complexity 48
Simplifying the labour value problem 49
High tech and intermediate tech solutions 50

4 Basic Concepts of Planning 53
Planning and control 54
Capitalist goals second order . 56
What would be first-order goals? . 57
Levels of planning . 58

5 Strategic Planning 61
Planning the industrial structure . 61
The environment and natural resources . 64
The time dimension of production 67
Market and non-market distribution . 69
Rights of citizenship . 69
Freedom of choice . 69
Coping with scarcity . 70
Costs of metering . 70
Agriculture . 70

6 Detailed Planning 73
Planning in the USSR . 78
Detail planning and stock constraints 80
A new plan-balancing algorithm . 81
The harmony function 82
Stages of the algorithm . 84
Economic cybernetics in Chile . 86

7 Macroeconomic Planning 89
Macro accounting in labour-time . 89
Household saving and credit 93
Interest on savings? . 98
Tax policy 99
Ground rent 100
Excise tax . 101
Taxation and Accumulation . 101

8 The Marketing of Consumer Goods 103
Market-clearing prices . 104
Consumer goods and the macro plan . 105
Comparison with capitalist markets . 108
Conclusion . 109

9 Planning and Information 111
Information and property . 111
Requirements of a statistical service . 112
Product coding 112
Unified stock control . 113
Standardised message formats 113
Obtaining technical coefficients . 113
Information: social problems . 114
Information, performance measures and incentives 114
Evaluating the performance of enterprises . 115
Statistical assessment for producer goods enterprises . 116
Against monopoly 117
Rewards and sanctions? 117

10 Foreign Trade 121
Technology and trade patterns 125
Low wage and high wage economies . 125
Advantages of trade deficits 127
International trade in context of socialism 128
State demand for foreign currency . 129
Alternatives to foreign exchange 130
Exchange rates, tourism and black markets . 132
Policy instruments . 135
Unsold Exports 136
Improved terms of trade . 136

11 Trade Between Socialist Countries 139
Trade and property . 139
Less developed countries 140
What we advocate . 143
Significance of national sovereignty 145

12 The Commune 147
The activities of urban communes 148
Housing 148
Food preparation . 149
Childcare . 149
Some leisure activities 150
Helping senior citizens 150
Basic rationale in terms of efficiency . 150
Systems of payment and external trade . 151
Distribution of tasks 155
The legal status of communes . 156
Public policy 156

13 On Democracy 157
Democracy and parliamentarism . 157
Direct democracy or soviet democracy? . 159
Institutions of classical democracy . 161
′Democratic centralism′—a dead end 163
Is democracy possible today? . 163
Democracy and planning 165
The acephalous state 167

14 Property Relations 171
Who owns what? 171
Encoding property rights 172
What can be owned? 173
Pure capitalism and mixed capitalism . 173
The Soviet model . 174
The enterprise as focus of contradictions 175
The proposed communalist model . 177
Individual property rights 177
Rights of Planning and economic projects . 178
Self-employment . 183
Property in land . 184
Digression on the Ricardian theory of rent 184
Ownership of natural resources . 186
Separation of control from benefit 188

15 Some Contrary Views Considered 189
Distribution, values and prices 189
Market socialism? . 192
Diane Elson: the socialised market? 192
Aganbegyan: administrative and economic methods . 196


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