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Literatur zur Politischen Ökonomie
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Titel:
Keynesianism, Monetarism and the Crisis of the State
Ort: Verl.:
Jahr:
1988
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Inhalt:
1 Introduction 1
The challenge of monetarism 1
Money and the state . 11

2 The Hidden Hand and the Limits of the Capitalist State 21
State and economy in the eighteenth century . 21
The theory and practice of mercantilism 23
The challenge to mercantilism 26
The division of labour and the rationality of exchange 28
Money and exchange . 31
The hidden hand and the accumulation of capital . 34
Capital, labour and the equality of exchange . 37
The market and the state 38
The limits to the state 43
The principles of public nance . 44

3 Political Economy and the Rise of the Capitalist State 47
Adam Smith and the crisis of mercantilism 47
Classical political economy . 51
Ricardo and the problems of post-war reconstruction . 55
Political economy and constitutional reform 61
The reformed state and economic regulation 64
The administrative reform of the state . 68
The mid-Victorian boom . 79

4 Money, Credit and the Overaccumulation of Capital 85
The limits of liberalism and the critique of money 85
Money and exchange in petty production 87
Commercial capitalism and the development of money 89
Commercial capital and the rise of capitalism . 93
The contradictions of political economy 95
The social form of capitalist production 98
Capitalist competition and the overaccumulation of capital 101
Money, credit and the overaccumulation of capital 107
Overaccumulation crises and the development of state money 110
From the hidden hand to monetary policy . 113

5 The Form of the Capitalist State 120
Capital and the state . 120
Civil society and the state 126
Capital and the development of the capitalist state form . 130
The limits of the liberal state form . 133
The working class and the state . 136
Overaccumulation, class struggle and the nation state 143
Economics, politics and the ideology of the state . 151

6 Class Struggle and the State: the Limits of Social Reform 155
Capital, the state and the reproduction of the working class . 155
Pauperism and the state . 158
Political reform and social administration . 161
The crisis of 1873 and the Great Depression 165
Depression, industrial relations and social insurance . 168
The limits of social reform 171

7 Overaccumulation and the Limits of the Nation State 176
The national form of the capitalist state 176
The international system of nation states . 178
The 1873 crisis, the nation state and the rise of imperialism . 182
Overaccumulation and imperialist war . 189

8 War, Revolution and Depression: The Limits of Liberalism 193
The impact of war 193
The post-war reconstruction of liberalism . 196
The reconstruction of the liberal world order . 203
The problem of the staple industries 209
The 1929 crash and the collapse of the gold standard . 212
Money and credit in the crisis of overaccumulation 215

9 Economists and the State: The Keynesian Revolution 221
The marginalist revolution in economics 221
The economists and the depression of the 1920s 226
The state and the depression of the 1930s . 229
The Keynesian Revolution 234
The political impact of Keynesianism 241

10 Post-War Reconstruction and The Keynesian Welfare State 244
Wartime planning and the budget . 244
Planning for post-war reconstruction 246
Planning for a new international order . 249
The reconstruction of Anglo-American imperialism 252
Marshall Aid and the rebuilding of Europe 255
Planning and the budget . 259
The legacy of Labour . 263
The foundations of the post-war boom . 267
Welfare, wages and the working class 271
Keynesianism and the boom . 275
The regulation of accumulation on a world scale . 277
The limits of liberal Keynesianism . 280

11 Keynesianism, Monetarism and the Crisis of the State 287
The brief triumph of Keynesianism . 287
The problem of productivity . 290
The rise of Keynesian interventionism . 294
The limits of Keynesian intervention 298
The challenge to Keynesianism . 304
The turn to the market . 307
The class struggle and the crisis of Keynesianism . 311
The crisis of Keynesianism and the rise of monetarism 316
The challenge of monetarism 323
The triumph of monetarism . 329
Overaccumulation and the world crisis of Keynesianism . 341

12 Conclusion 352
Money, the market and the state 352
The limits of monetarism 356
The crisis of social democracy and the future of socialism 359


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